People who are going to have their first visit to urologist often have many questions regarding preparation for examination. Do I need to do any procedures before the inspection, when it is better to go through, whether to follow a diet the day before? Today we talk about how to properly prepare for examination at this doctor!
What does urologist do?
Urologist treats diseases of urinary system. He also deals with problems of male sexual sphere. When should I go to urologist? Usually, appointment with this specialist is recommended for those who have noticed following symptoms:
- Urge to urinate became more often – about 8-10 times a day.
- Sometimes it isn`t possible to retain urine – especially at sound of pouring water.
- During emptying of bladder, burning sensation, pain and pain are felt, urine comes out hard, and then there is feeling of incomplete emptying.
- Blood interspersed in urine, or its color has changed.
- Pain in pelvis and lower back.
- In men, weakening of erection and difficulty with ejaculation, impurity of blood in semen, infertility.
Similar symptoms occur in people with cystitis, pyelonephritis, urinary system tumors, urolithiasis and other pathologies. It`s important to detect them in early stages, when there is chance to cure disease easily and without risk of recurrence.
What you need to know before visiting urologist?
1-2 days before the date on which visit to urologist is appointed, it is worth to follow easy diet. Alcohol, fatty foods, legumes, sour vegetables and fruits are excluded from diet.
It`s important to remove to maximum products that cause gas formation. This is done in order to relieve intestines, because sometimes in process of diagnosis requires ultrasound with transrectal access. In addition, overflowing intestine puts pressure on bladder and complicates diagnosis.
Examination of man by urologist requires abandonment of sexual activity 1-3 days before examination. This simplifies taking tests required for comprehensive diagnosis. It`s better to plan woman’s visit to urologist for those days when there is no menstruation.
Otherwise, training for both sexes is standard:
- Few days before that, it`s advisable to keep urination diary – record time of emptying, its features (atypical color, blood, pus, etc.), volume of urine.
- It is better to come to doctor with urine selected for analysis. She meets in morning, right after sleep, from medium jet. Before this, you need to hold hygienic toilet.
- You need to go to specialist with full bladder – for this you need to refrain from emptying it for at least 2 hours. This will help to conduct all necessary examinations (in particular, ultrasound) with maximum information.
- Before you go for visit to urologist, you need to thoroughly wash crotch and put on fresh clothes.
In preparing for a specialist consultation, it`s better to articulate your complaints and questions about it. Try to present worrisome symptoms in as much detail as possible – this will help doctor to correctly collect history and prescribe necessary research.
Don`t hesitate to talk about problems that seem “embarrassing” – urinary incontinence, erection problems, and so on. By silencing them, you are preventing specialist from properly creating clinical picture and helping you. Therefore, it`s better to provide doctor with as much information as possible, to tell about all details of your condition, even those that seem insignificant.
What awaits at urologist?
At the very beginning of consultation doctor conducts survey of patient, collecting anamnesis. Next is inspection. Men are examined rectally, women, on gynecological chair. Additionally, urologist prescribes instrumental diagnostics:
- Ultrasound of urinary system, prostate gland.
- Intravenous urography.
- CT and MRI of pelvic organs.
In addition, laboratory tests of blood, urine, cytological smears and cultures are carried out. According to results of comprehensive diagnosis, doctor makes diagnosis and prescribes suitable treatment. Regular testing by urologist is necessary for every person, even if he doesn`t feel suspicious symptoms. It`s desirable to pass for prevention, to detect diseases of urinary and reproductive system in early stages.